How to repair vinyl sheet flooring using a scrap piece of vinyl or cutting out a patch from another area of your room.
Vinyl flooring is a popular choice for kitchen, bathrooms and foyers in many homes still to this day. While they are easy to maintain and durable, there are still subject to minor nicks, cuts, and scratches that need to be repaired. How you repair vinyl flooring depends on what type of flooring is installed and how it's damaged.
The easiest repair for vinyl tiles is to replace the entire tile. With sheet vinyl, repairs usually involve cutting out the damaged area and patching in new material.
Small cuts and scratches can be permanently fused with liquid seam sealer, a clear compound that's available wherever vinyl flooring is sold. Clean the area with a soft cloth that's dipped in lacquer thinner, then squeeze in a thin bead of sealer. After the sealer has dried, the repair will be virtually invisible.
To repair tears or burns you will have to cut out the damaged area and glue in a replacement patch. You will need an extra piece of the original flooring and a technique called double cutting. If you don’t have any remnants and if the flooring isn't too old you might be able to find an identical piece at a flooring dealer. You can also lift a piece for your patch from inside a closet, under the refrigerator or in some other inconspicuous location.
Tools and Materials
Framing square or metal straight edge
Heat Gun or Hair dryer
1/16-in. notched trowel
Vinyl flooring adhesive
Patching Sheet Vinyl Flooring
To make the patch as invisible as possible you need to use a piece that has seams that can be cut out. On some flooring there may be diamond patterns or squares that can be used instead of a larger square.
Cut out a piece of flooring from a piece of scrap vinyl or from an inconspicuous place. Make sure the piece you cut out has a pattern that matches the piece you'll replace. If you are cutting out a patch from the floor, you will need a hairdryer or heat gun to soften the adhesive.
The replacement piece should match the pattern of the damaged one and extend about 1/2 in. beyond these pattern lines. With a utility knife, cut a square from the floor in a hidden location. Loosen the adhesive in one corner with a hair dryer or heat gun set to low and lift the corner with a putty knife. Slowly lift the vinyl by applying heat to the old adhesive under the tile while gently pulling up the sheet.
Double Cutting New Patch
Tape the replacement piece over the damaged section. Cut through both pieces with a sharp utility knife, following grout or pattern lines. Keep the blade straight up and down. Angling the blade will cause the new patch to buckle or create gaps around the edges.
Double Cutting Vinyl Flooring
Gluing the Patch
Remove the damaged section of flooring and any backing material that may be stuck to the floor with a putty knife. Any backing or glue remaining will cause the new piece of vinyl to be higher than the surrounding flooring. This will cause the patch to be damaged by foot traffic and will also collect dirt.
Apply the vinyl flooring adhesive to the floor and place the patch over it. Press the flooring down into the adhesive.
Roll the seam, using a vinyl flooring seam roller to press both edges tightly together. You may want to heat the surface of the floor slightly with your heat gun or hair dryer.
Wipe or scrape away any excess adhesive that may have oozed to the surface during the rolling process.
Cover the seam with a piece of plastic wrap or waxed paper and place a piece of wood that completely covers the cut area. A cookie sheet may be used. Weigh down the board with a weight, such as large cans, and leave in place for the curing time recommended by the adhesive manufacturer.
Sealing the Seams
After the flooring adhesive has cured, seal the seam using a vinyl seam sealer according to the seam sealer manufacturer’s directions to prevent recurrence of the separation. The seam sealer comes in a small bottle to apply a clear liquid onto the cuts of the patch. Be careful not to apply too much seam sealer and do not wipe away any excess. It is normal for it to dry in a slightly raised bead of sealer.